Psychological disorders are cognitive, emotional and behavioral alterations that cause suffering to the patient and move away from what is considered “normal” in the reference social / cultural group. Disorders (for example, anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders) significantly impact the person’s life.

Psychological disorders are currently conceptualized as an effect of the interaction between the vulnerability of the individual and the demands of the situation. The elements that would explain the development of a disorder would be: a) The individual’s biological vulnerability, 2) Its psychological vulnerability, and 3) The surrounding environmental factors.

Some of the most frequent psychological disorders or problems are:

In adulthood:

  • Panid disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Specific phobias
  • Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Adjustment disorders
  • Depressive disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Eating disorder
  • Sleep-wake disorders
  • Somatic symptom and related disorders
  • Dissociative disorders
  • Substance-related and addictive disorders
  • New addiction
  • Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Paraphilic disorders
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Neurocognitive disorders
  • Couple problems
  • Sexual dysfunctions

In childhood or adolescence:

  • Specific learning disorder
  • Attention-deficit/Hhyperactivity disorder
  • Language disorder
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Motor disorders
  • Sleep-wake disorders
  • Enuresis
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders
  • Selective mutism
  • Separation anxiety disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Specific phobia
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Conduct disorder
  • Intermittent explosive disorder
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Depressive disorders
  • Intellectual disabilities